Proposition Bets

Proposition bets (or props) are actually a whole category of bets that can be found in the middle of the craps table. While these bets add a bit of variety to the game and give you more options than the basic Pass Line or Don’t Pass Line bets, they are not recommended by craps experts. These bets have a high house edge and they are considered risky, especially for players without experience.

How Proposition Bets are Used

Proposition bets are placed in the centre of the table. At a land-based casino, these bets are controlled by the stickman. Most props are one-roll bets which means that the outcome is determined by the next dice roll. These bets can be placed at any time, but table etiquette dictates that they’re placed before the shooter takes up the dice. Let’s have a look at some of the proposition bets that are available:

  • Aces – Also known as Snake-Eyes, this is one of the most popular props bets, despite its high house edge. It is a bet on the next dice roll being a 2. The payout is 30:1 and the house edge is 16.67%.
  • Ace-Deuce – Also known as Three Craps, this is a bet on the next roll being a 3. The chances of this combination being rolled are 1 in 17, but the payout is 15:1 which corresponds to a house edge of 11.11%.
  • The Yo – Also known as Yo-Leven, this is a bet on the next roll being 11. It has a payout of 15:1 and a house edge of 11.11%.
  • Boxcars – Also known as Twelve, this is a bet on the next roll being a 12. Since there is only one possible combination that can result in a 12, the payout is 30:1 and the house edge is 16.67%.
  • The High-Lo – This bet combines the Boxcars (High) and the Aces (Lo) so that it wins if either a 2 or a 12 are rolled. It has a house edge of 11.11%.
  • C & E (Craps & Eleven) – This is a combined bet with 2 different wagers – one wager on the craps numbers 2, 3 or 12 and one wager on the 11 (Yo). Because of this, one part of the C & E bet will always lose. The craps numbers pay out 3:1 while the Yo pays out 7:1. The bet has a house edge of 11.11%.
  • The Hop – This is a very specific bet on the dice total, as well as the specific numbers that make up the total. For example, a non-pair of 9 (5-4). It has a payout of 30:1 and a house edge of 13.26%.
  • The Horn – This is a combined bet on four numbers – the craps numbers 2, 3 and 12, as well as the Yo (11). Your bet will be equally divided between each of the numbers and if one number wins, the other 3 will lose. The numbers 2 and 12 have a payout of 30:1, while the numbers 3 and 11 have a payout of 15:1. The house edge ranges from 11.11% to 13.89%.
  • Any Seven – This is a bet on the next roll landing as a 7 in any combination. The odds of that happening are 5:1, but it only pays out 4:1 which results in a house edge of 16.67%. Some UK casinos may pay 9:2 which results in a house edge of 8.33%.
  • The Whirl – Also known as the World bet, it is a combination bet of the Horn and the Any Seven bet. Your bet will be equally divided between the five numbers.
  • Any Craps – Also known as Three Ways, it pays out if any of the 3 craps numbers land – 2, 3 or 12. It has a house edge of 11.11%.
  • Hardway Bets – This is a subcategory of props bets which are not single-roll bets. They are specific pairs and if a 7 is rolled before the pair, the bet loses.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages

The only advantage of these bets is that they add a bit of excitement to the game, offering different betting categories to what most players use.

Disadvantages

Commonly known as sucker bets, these bets have particularly high house edges. Craps experts do not recommend using these bets.

Bottom Line

There is a whole range of different proposition bets in the game of craps. These may look like a bit of fun, but they are designed against the player. With a high house edge for every type of bet, there is never a good reason to place these bets. Unless you just want to try something different, you are better off avoiding these bets.